|Series||War-peace pamphlets ;, no. 11|
|LC Classifications||SH381 .B815|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||48 p. :|
|Number of Pages||48|
|LC Control Number||48006088|
Whaling and whale oil during and after World War II. Stanford, Calif.: Food Research Institute, Stanford University, © (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / . That prompted global whaling regulations after World War II, and in the decades to come, countries around the world went on to almost unanimously place a moratorium on commercial whaling. Catching peaked in , when 1, whales were caught to prod barrels of oil. Whale hunting had largely declined by , when only whales were caught. A ban on whaling was imposed by the Althing in In an Icelandic company established a whaling station that shut down after only five seasons. Whale oil was an important source of glycerine during World War I and a key ingredient in margarine during and after World War II. Other uses of marine mammal products have been more frivolous. Seal penises are sold as aphrodisiacs; narwhal (Monodon monoceros) and walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) tusks and polar bear (Ursus maritimus) hides are.
“To prepare for war, they needed whale oil,” says Cornelia Lüdecke,professor of the history of science at Hamburg University and co-author of the book after World War II in the. As Nazi Germany was staging large-scale book burnings of any titles that went against its fascist beliefs, the United States sought to arm its soldiers during World War II . Sydney was the main Australian whaling port with a fleet that produced whale oil and baleen valued at £ million between and  Whaling moreover was an activity that had a number of advantages over the wool industry that developed at the same time. While coastal whaling during the s produced betw tons of whale meat a year, Japanese Antarctic whaling produced only 28 tons of salted meat in (a year in which it produced 2, tons of oil), increasing to 13, tons of meat by only because the fleet had captured enough whales to produce , tons of oil.
After World War II (during which 27 floating factories were sunk), whale oil was so important to the fat rations of Europe, and meat to Japan and Russia, that a wave of newer, larger factories (up to 32, tons) were built, as were knot diesel-powered h and Norwegian companies controlled greater than 80 percent of the trade from to , and their success attracted. Whaling Today. While Nantucket’s whaling industry died in the mid-nineteenth century, commercial whaling endured elsewhere throughout the twentieth century. Ports in the United States and around the world continued to send ships in pursuit of whales to harvest oil, meat, and bones. During this time, whaling became increasingly efficient. The use of whale oil had a steady decline starting in the late 19th century due to the development of superior alternatives, and later, the passing of environmental laws. In , the International Whaling Commission declared a moratorium on commercial whaling, which has all but eliminated the use of whale oil today. The Inuit of North America are granted special whaling rights (justified as. The whale oil myth: thanks to the free market, petroleum arrived in the nick of time to save the dwindling whales and counterbalance the whale oil scarcity. A cursory internet search will yield all kinds of results regarding "the whale oil myth," with some far more understandable than others (especially for the layman who may not fully understand economics, government subsidies, and/or the.